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Gynaecomastia is a common condition that causes boys' and men's breasts to swell and become larger than normal. It is most commonly seen in teenage boys and older men. It is also referred as ‘male-boobs’. The typical patient is embarrassed with his looks and avoids changing in public or doing activities like swimming. Anything which will make youngsters look different from their peers and invite ridicule can have a dampening effect on their self-esteem and confidence.
Hormone imbalanceIt can be caused by an imbalance between the sex hormones testosterone and oestrogen. Oestrogen helps breast tissue to grow. While all men produce some oestrogen, and much higher levels of testosterone, which stops the oestrogen from causing breast tissue to grow. If the hormones balance in the body changes, this can cause a man's breasts to grow. Sometimes, the cause of this imbalance is unknown.
Obesity plays in different ways. It has been found that in obese people there is an increased activity of a body enzyme called 'aromatase' which causes conversion of androgens into estrogens by a process called 'aromatization'. Estrogens being female hormones thus cause breast enlargement in males. Being overweight could increase levels of oestrogen, which can cause breast tissue to grow.
Steroids—Those wanting to be super fit and trying to ape their superstars six packs take the shortcut with nutritional supplements laced with steroids which cause inhibition of our body's natural male hormones (androgens) causing an imbalance between estrogens and androgens.
Under the influence of relatively increased activity of estrogens, there is male breast enlargement.
4. Prolonged use of certain drugs like antacids and antiepileptic drugs can also sometimes cause gynecomastia. Uncommon causes of Hypothyroidism, hypogonadism, testicular tumours can also cause gynecomastia. Rarely, it can be malignant especially if only one breast is involved and the lump is hard.
Gynecomastia surgery in delhiIn established cases of gynecomastia where no other pathology has been found, surgical correction yields excellent results. Recent advances allow us to perform gynecomastia surgery in delhi with virtually no or very minimal scars. A combination of advanced ultrasonic liposuction (VASER) and minimal scar gland excision leads to a fast recovery and normal contour in most cases. Very rarely in patients with gigantic breasts skin may need to be excised.
Satisfaction rates of the gynecomastia surgery in delhi are very high and almost all patients feel confident and normal about themselves. It may appear to be just an aesthetic procedure for others but the patients often call it a real ‘life-changing’ surgery. Increased awareness that this condition is correctable in a safe way through minimal scar surgery has made this one of the most popular plastic surgery procedures in males.